Understanding Gestational Diabetes Test Numbers

Understanding Gestational Diabetes Test Numbers

Gestational Diabetes Test Numbers

Gestational Diabetes Test NumbersIt is very confusing to deal with all those gestational diabetes test numbers that you encounter when diagnosing and treating the condition. The standards on the normal gestational diabetes test numbers vary from institution to institution. In addition, these standards are bound to change in the next decade or so as more studies about diabetes in general are being conducted. In general, the normal blood glucose value for women without gestational diabetes is between 60 to 120 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) approximately two hours after meals. This is the primary basis for the gestational diabetes test numbers that are being used to diagnose gestational diabetes.

Normal Gestational Diabetes Test Numbers

Between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, you will be subjected to a screening test known as the one-hour glucose challenge test to find out if you need further testing for gestational diabetes. In this test, you will be asked to drink a sweet solution. After one hour, you blood will be tested to see if you fall within the normal range of gestational diabetes test numbers. Basically, those who go higher than 130 to 140 mg/dl are at high risk for developing gestational diabetes and are subjected to a confirmatory test to determine whether they have the condition or not.

The confirmatory test being used for pregnant women in order to determine if they have gestational diabetes or not is known as the oral glucose tolerance test or OGTT. In this test, you will be asked to fast overnight prior to the test. Once you arrive at the laboratory, a blood sample will be extracted to see if you met the normal gestational diabetes test numbers for fasting. You will then be asked to drink a syrupy and sweet solution with a high amount of glucose. Afterwards, your blood will be tested for three consecutive hours after the test to ensure that your gestational diabetes test numbers are within the normal range.

The normal fasting gestational diabetes test numbers should be 95 mg/dl or lower. After one hour of drinking the solution, the gestational diabetes test numbers should be lower than 180 mg/dl. Two hours later, the normal test numbers would be 155 mg/dl or lower. Finally, after three hours of drinking the solution, your test numbers should be less than 140 mg/dl. In general, any gestational diabetes test numbers higher than 200 mg/dl already qualifies for gestational diabetes. If two of these gestational diabetes test numbers are higher than normal, then you will be diagnosed as having gestational diabetes.

If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, keep in mind that the gestational diabetes monitoring numbers are as important as gestational diabetes test numbers. You should keep your gestational diabetes blood sugar levels below 140 mg/dl one hour after meals and around 120 mg/dl two hours after meals. If your glucose levels remain uncontrolled, you and your baby might suffer from complications of gestational diabetes, such as excessive birth weight,  preterm labor and delivery, and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in your baby later on in life.

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