Gestational Diabetes Baby
One of the reasons why gestational diabetes should be treated is because of the risk of developing complications, especially on the part of the baby. A gestational diabetes baby might suffer not just after being delivered but even later in life. The good news is that most women with controlled gestational diabetes turn out to deliver healthy babies, as long as they keep their diet, exercise, and medications in check. But for those who don’t, here are the possible complications for a gestational diabetes baby:
Macrosomia-Complications in a Gestational Diabetes Baby
Macrosomia means excessive birth weight because the gestational diabetes baby is too large. Large is defined as having a birth weight of more than 9 pounds and 15 ounces or 4500 grams. In fact, the baby is very large that he might have difficulty exiting through the birth canal. Because of this, the mother might need to undergo Caesarean section in order to safely deliver the gestational diabetes baby.
Shoulder dystocia-Complications in a Gestational Diabetes Baby
If your gestational diabetes baby is delivered normally, there is a risk that the head will be able to enter the canal, but the shoulders will remain stuck. This condition, known as shoulder dystocia, requires maneuvers by the health care provider in order to deliver the gestational diabetes baby. Forcing the shoulders into the birth canal might sometimes lead to a fractured bone or nerve damage. The good news is that both of these can heal without permanent problems in 99% of the babies. However, the mother might also suffer because this can lead to larger episiotomies in the vaginal area, hence requiring longer wound healing time.
Respiratory distress syndrome-Complications in a Gestational Diabetes Baby
Although this happens rarely, a gestational diabetes baby might suffer from breathing difficulties known as respiratory distress syndrome. This can happen during normal delivery when4 the baby’s shoulders are stuck in the vaginal canal for a long time. Early or preterm labor due to the gestational diabetes baby’s size might also happen, and if the lungs are not yet mature, this can lead to respiratory distress syndrome.
Hypoglycemia-Complications in a Gestational Diabetes Baby
Immediately after delivery, a gestational diabetes baby might develop hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. This happens because in the womb, the baby’s pancreas was used to produce high amounts of insulin to counter the glucose levels in the mother’s bloodstream. Once delivered, the baby’s pancreas might continue to produce insulin, thus causing hypoglycemia. In some cases, severe episodes of hypoglycemia might cause the baby to have seizures. This can be remedied by intravenous glucose solutions and prompt feedings.
Jaundice –Complications in a Gestational Diabetes Baby
The gestational diabetes baby might experience jaundice, which is the yellowish discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes. This happens when the baby’s liver is not yet mature enough to break bilirubin, a side product of damaged red blood cells. Fortunately, jaundice is not a big cause of concern for a gestational diabetes baby, although it needs to be monitored.
Development of type 2 diabetes –Complications in a Gestational Diabetes Baby
Studies have shown that a gestational diabetes baby has a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus later on in life compared to normal babies.
Knowing these complications of gestational diabetes to a gestational diabetes baby will encourage you to keep to your treatment regimen so that your baby does not suffer from your condition.
Once diagnosed with gestational diabetes it is very important to track your condition, to see my Gestational Diabetes Journal, Click Here!
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